from the Kennel Encyclopedia, edited by J. Sidney Turner,
Chairman of the Committee of the Kennel Club. Published in 1907.
The Borzoi section was written by S.P. Borman.
Below is given a list of points as adopted
by the Borzoi Club, to which are added a few explanatory notes
(in brackets), for the further guidance of the novice; but if
the reader will refer to the illustration of the leash of Russian
hounds here produced [click
for pic], he will find this of more educational value than
any amount of printed matter. This wonderful team, owned by
M. Boldareff, is said to be the best in Russia, and in the writer's
opinon there is nothing as yet in this country to touch them,
although we are gradually approaching the type.
Head - should be
long and lean. [It is, however, not only essential for the
head to be long, but it must also be what is termed well balanced,
i.e., the length from the tip of the nose to the eyes must be
the same as from the eyes to the occiput. A dog may have a long
head but the length may be all in front of the eyes.]
The skull should be flat and narrow, stop
not perceptible. [Too much stress cannot be laid on the
importance of the head being well filled up between the eyes]
and the muzzle long and tapering. The head from forehead to
the tip of the nose should be so fine that the shape and direction
of the principal veins and bones can be clearly seen; and in
profile should appear rather Roman-nosed. Bitches should be
even narrower in head than dogs.
Eyes - Dark, expressive,
almond-shaped, and not too far apart. Ears
- Like those of a greyhound, small, thin, and placed well back
on the head, with the tip, when thrown back, almost touching
behind the occiput. [It is not a fault if the dog can raise
his ears erect when excited or looking after game. They should,
however, be carried as above at other times.] Neck
- The head should be carried somewhat low, with the neck continuing
the line of the back. Shoulders -
Should be clean and sloping well back, [i.e., the shoulder
blades should almost meet.] Chest
- Deep and somewhat narrow. [The chest must be capacious,
but the capacity must be derived from depth, and not from "barrel-ribs,"
a bad fault in a running hound.] Back
- Rather long, and free from any cavity in the spinal column,
the arch in the back being more marked in the dog than in the
bitch. [This arch is an important point and one of the characteristics
of the breed. The writer likes to see the arch well developed
in the bitch also.] Loins - Broad
and very powerful, with plenty of muscular development. Thighs
- Long and well developed, with good second thigh. Ribs
- Slightly spring at the angle of the ribs, deep, reaching to
elbow or even lower. Fore-legs - Lean
and straight; seen from the front they should be narrow, and
from the side, broad at the shoulders and narrowing gradually
down to the foot, the bones appearing flat, and not round as
in the Foxhound. Hind-legs - The least
thing under the body when standing still, not straight, and
the stifles slightly bent. [That is to say, the legs must
be straight as regards one another, i.e., not cow-hocked; but
the stifles and hocks should be bent. Straight hind-legs imply
want of speed.] Muscles - Well
distributed and higly developed. Pasterns - Should be strong.
Feet - Like those of the deerhound,
rather long, the toes close together and well arched. Coat
- Long, silky (not woolly), either flat, wavy or slightly curly.
On the head, ears, and front legs it should be short and smooth.
On the neck the frill should be profuse and rather curly. On
the chest and rest of the body, the tail and hind-quarters,
it should be long. The fore-legs should be well-feathered. Tail
- Long and well-feathered, and not carried gaily. Height
- *At shoulder of dogs, from 29 in. upwards; of bitches, from
27 in. upwards [It must be borne in mind that few dogs of
29 in. would win in the show-ring at the present day unless
particularly good in all other respects, most of the present
day winners averaging from 31 to 32 inches.] Faults
- Head short and thick; too much stop; parti-coloured nose;
eyes too wide apart; heavy ears; heavy shoulders; wide chest;
barrel-ribbed; dew-claws; elbow turned out; wide behind. [The
Club standard does not mention light-coloured eyes and over-shot
jaws, both of which are undoubtedly bad faults.] Colour
- Immaterial, provided white predominates. Fawn, brindle, lemon,
slate-blue, orange and black markings are seen. Black-and-tan
is less liked. Whole or self-coloured dogs are also met with,
but are not greatly favoured. Of all white dogs, few have been
seen on the show bench of late years.
The uninitiated may say, "It is all very
well to tell us that the head must be long, but what is long?"
Therefore, below are given the measurements of some of the leading
dogs, past and present, with their pedigrees, which latter should
prove of use to the intending breeder.