Russian Standard for the Borzoi
Dog of aristocratic appearance, of
large size, of lean and at the same time robust constitution,
of a very slightly elongated construction. Females are generally
longer than males. Desirable height at the withers for males:
75-85 cm, for females: 68-78 cm. In males, the height at the withers
is equal or barely superior to that from the summit of the croup
to the ground, in females these heights are equal.
In its everyday life Borzoi has a
quiet and balanced character. At the sight of game it gets suddenly
excited. It has a piercing sight, capable of seeing very far.
Its reaction is impetuous.
When not hunting, the typical gait
of the Borzoi is the extended trot, effortless, very supple and
lifting; when hunting the charging gallop is extremely fast, with
leaps of great length.
Light or massive construction; stocky appearance or high on
Serious faults: Soft,
coarse constitution; short trunk; aggressive towards people.
Combination of colours: white with
yellow of all shades, white with wolf grey, white with light fawn,
white with red, white with black. All the colours above
mentioned may be solid or pied. The fringes, "breeches", featherings
of the tail are considerably lighter than the background colour.
For the overlaid colours a black mask is typical.
Fleck of the same shade as the background colour; striking tan
Fleck of shade other than that of the background colour. Brown,
chocolate, all lilac shades.
Silky, soft and supple, wavy of forming short curls.
On the head, the ears and the limbs - is satiny, silky, short,
On the body - is quite long, wavy; on the regions
of the shoulder blades and the croup, the hair forms finer curls;
on the ribs and thighs - is shorter; the hair which forms the
fringes, the "breeches" and the feathering of the tail - is longer.
Faults: Dull, tousled; fringes, "breeches",
feathering of the tail sparse; straight hair; fine curls all
over the body.
Serious faults: Stiff, bristly.
insufficiently supple and elastic
SKELETON AND MUSCULATURE
Strong bone structure, but not massive. The bones are rather
flat. Muscles lean, well developed, especially on the thighs,
but not showing in relief.
Faults: Light bone structure, insufficiently
Serious faults: Heavy, coarse bone
structure, round bones.
Lean, long, narrow, aristocratic
head. Seen in profile, the lines of the skull and muzzle form
a long, slightly convex line, the line of the sagittal crest being
straight or slightly oblique towards the well marked occipital
protuberance. Skull seen from above, narrow, elongated into an
oval shape, seen in profile, almost flat. Stop very slightly marked.
Nose is large, mobile, considerably prominent in relation to the
lower jaw. Muzzle is long, filled out in all its length, arched
hear the nose.
The length of the muzzle from the
stop to the tip of the nose is equal or slightly superior to that
of the skull, from the occiput to the stop.
Lips are fine, clean, well fitting.
The eye-rims, the lips and the nose
are black whatever the colour of the coat.
The head is so elegant and lean that
the principal veins show through the skin.
Abrupt stop. Profile of the head is distinct wedge shape due
to exaggerated height of the skull. Forehead broad. Zygomatic
arches developed. Muzzle short. Bridge of the nose too narrow.
Superciliary arches prominent.
Soft tissues, blunt muzzle.
Small, supple, mobile, set on above
the eye level and backwards, almost towards the nape of the neck,
the tips of the ears situated near each other or directed downwards
along the neck and close to it. When the dog is alert, the ears
are carried higher and on the sides of forward; sometimes one
or both ears are erect like "horse" ears.
set, not set on backwards.
Serious faults: Ears
thick, coarse, with rounded tips.
Large, expressive, dark hazel or
hazel coloured, very slightly prominent, almond shaped, set obliquely.
Small, round, light hazel, third eyelid too developed.
Deep set, blue, grey, yellow eyes colour.
White, strong, full dentition, scissor
Small, decayed, abnormally worn; pincer bite in subjects aged
not early than 6 years old, absence of P-1, P-2 (not more than
Any deviation from the scissors bite (overshot or undershot
bite, pincer bite in subjects aged earlier than 6 years old,
irregular bite), absence of incisors which prevents judging
the bite, absence of more than 3 premolars, absence of P-4,
absence of any molar M, except M-3.
Long, clean, flattened laterally,
muscled, slightly arched, carried rather low.
Short, carried high.
Dewlap or loose skin at level of throat; neck of round cross-section.
Of oval cross-section, not narrow,
yet not wider than the croup, deep, well developed in length,
spacious, reaching down almost to elbow level. The region of the
shoulder blades being flatter, the chest gets gradually wider
towards the false ribs, which are short; seen in profile, it forms
a change in slope. The ribs are long, slightly prominent. The
forechest is slightly prominent in relation to the scapular -
Chest narrow, flat, not deep, sternal line much higher than
the level of the elbows.
Chest hollow in its front part, barrel - ribbed.
Back is broad, muscled, elastic,
forming with the loin and croup a curve which is more pronounced
in the males. The highest point of this curve is situated in the
region of the first or second lumbar vertebra.
Narrow with a hollow at the level of the anticlinal vertebra,
Sagging, straight back in males.
Long, prominent, muscled, moderately
Short, straight, narrow.
Long, broad, slightly sloping. The
width of the croup measured between the two hip bones must not
be less than 8 (eight) cm.
Narrow, short, steep.
Very narrow, very short, excessively steep (goose rump).
Forelegs clean, muscled. Seen from
the front perfectly straight and parallel. Shoulder blades long
and oblique, upper arm moderately oblique; its length is barely
superior to the length of the shoulder blade. Angle of the scapular-humeral
articulation well pronounced. Elbows in parallel plane to the
median plane of the body. Forearm is clean, long, of oval cross-section;
seen from the front, narrow, seen in profile, broad. Pastern slightly
oblique in relation to the ground. The height of the forelegs
from the elbow to the ground is equal or little superior to half
the height at the withers.
Scapula-humeral angle too open; in or out at elbows; forearm
slightly crooked; pastern too short, too oblique, too straight;
feet turning slightly in or out.
Important deviations from the points described; knuckling over;
forearm of round cross-section.
Seen from behind: straight, parallel,
set slightly wider than the forequarters. When the dog is standing
true, the vertical line drooping from the ischiatic tuberosity
must pass in front of the center of the hock joint and of the
metatarsals. Upper thigh well muscled, long, places obliquely.
Lower thigh long, muscled, placed obliquely. The femoro-tibial
and the tibio-tarsal articulations well developed, broad, clean;
the angles must be well marked. Metatarsals not long, placed almost
vertically. All the articulations are well angulated.
Over-angulated or too straight angulation. Close behind or spread
hocks. Feet toeing in.
Important deviations from the points described.
PRESENCE OF DEWCLAWS
Lean, narrow, of elongated oval shape
(called "harefeet"); toes arched, tight.
Nails long, strong, touching the
Fleshy or flat feet, spread toes.
Flat feet with spread toes.
In shape of sickle of sabre, low
set, thin, long. Passed between the hindlegs, it must reach up
to the hip bone, furnished with abundant feathering. When the
dog is standing, the tail hangs downwards. In action, it is raised,
but not above the level of the back.
Set high or too low; tip of the tail in ring shape, falling
sideways; feathering sparsely developed; short tail.
Coarse; in action falling downwards; cracked tail; congested
tail (at spin), cutting off.
English translation by Oksana Gernute